Cannabis indica vs. Cannabis sativa

STRAINS IN GENERAL and Differences between Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa:

It is important to understand Marijuana from a “botanical perspective” before you can fully appreciate the differences. It is not Marijuana. This is a Spanish term that refers to plants of the genus Cannabis that alter mental perspective. The plants that don’t cause this effect are called “Hemp”. Yes, that is the same hemp George Washington grew. Three types of Cannabis are of interest: C. indica, Cannabis sativa and C. ruderalis. The latter is one of the “hemp” varieties. (A Mexican slang term that literally means “Mary Jane”)

The main difference between C. indica and C. sativa is that the former tends toward the lower end.

C. indica produces a highly focused, alert state that is often referred to by the term “high”. The latter, however, can cause a very relaxed state which is commonly known as “stoned.”

Different effects can have very different results. C. sativa has thin leaves and grows to 6-12 ft. tall. It also produces a variety of flowers.

For between 10-20 weeks, the volume and weight of flowers and buds will be lower. C. indica is a broad-leaved plant that grows to 2-6 ft. tall and produces larger, more heavy blooms. It flowers for 6-8 weeks. The flowering time of hybrids between the two species can vary greatly.

However, the majority of strains are cross-breeds between the two species. This creates a hybrid and is usually (but certainly not always) called the “Hybrid Cross”.

The effects of more or less of either type will be similar to what one might expect. (IE sativa dominant 20/20 would most likely produce a clear, energizing, and enjoyable experience with a relaxed undertone. These predictions are not always accurate. Many strain guides have been created to explain what one effect might be. However, this guide is not exhaustive and does not include many hundred of strains. This text also includes references to over 120 medical conditions.

With over 500 varieties.

It is important to note that almost all pure C. sativas (100%) and all pure C.indicas are considered “land races” which means they were found to be native to their original environment. Some strains are pure indica and pure sativa, but they can also be cross two or more strains of the same land race.


The third genus is Cannabis ruderalis. This is a species that blooms automatically according pre-set periods of time. It does not depend on a change in light hours to trigger blooming. It does not contain THC, but it does contain CBD. Breeders have been able over the years to cross strains with C. ruderalis, resulting in autoflowering strains that can be harvested in as little as 30 to 90 days.

Depending on the strain, it takes between seed and harvest. These autoflowering strains can produce crops in set times. They can produce up to five crops outdoors in one season or up to 12 indoors with indoor lighting. Although the plants are smaller than the expected yield, they do provide a steady harvest for growers.


Strains, “Clones”, and Cuttings

There are two ways to obtain strains: 1) by discovering a “land” strain that has naturally evolved in a particular region, or 2) by planting seeds from cross-pollinated strains (including those that result from cross-pollination). It is important to note that cross-pollinating can result in many different “phenotypes” or varieties and that a strain’s stability is only possible through years of back-breading, or more often, through cross-pollinating.

From cuttings, often misidentified as “clones” in cannabis circles.

Nearly all varieties of fruit trees, roses, and other flowers can be propagated. They can be propagated because the seeds won’t reproduce the same variety of offspring as their parent plants (except in the case of “landrace” strains and even then they will still display some variety). A cutting is literally a removal of a portion of the plant’s growth and encouraging it to develop roots. This allows it to become its own plant.

It is almost the same plant as its parent. (A clone is a plant that has been grown from one cell of a parent. This requires more complex procedures). The result would be identical – a new cannabis plant almost exactly the same as the “Parent Plant”. Clones are also known as cuttings and are nearly identical to the parent plants in terms of phenotype and genotype. It is not clear if the parent plant has been correctly identified.


What is CBD and what benefits does it bring? Which strains contain high CBD levels?

Recent research has shown that CBD, which is the abbreviation of cannabidiol and the second most important cannabinoid in cannabis, may have the highest medicinal value. (THC is the other major cannabinoid there are like 84 different cannabinoids, tetrahydrocannabinol, and that is what alters mental perspective, not the CBD) CBD alters the way THC interacts with the body, counteracting some of undesirable side-effects that can result from higher doses of THC and can also prolong effects of THC as well as produce effects when isolated. CBDs are very effective in treating a variety of conditions, even without THC. CBDs have been shown to be extremely therapeutic for a wide range of conditions, including multiple ailments.

Multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s disease and Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Parkinson’s, Epilepsy and PTSD. Aches, Pains, Spasms, and Arthritis. Other conditions can be treated, but they are still being tested.


CBDs, unlike THC do not affect the mind. However, CBDs can be used to treat children with severe medical conditions. The most well-known case being Charlotte, who suffered from over 1,000 seizures per month and was unable to receive any effective treatment. Her parents pleaded with a Colorado family of legal growers to create a strain that contained little to no THC and a significant amount of CBD. The strain “Charlotte’s Web”, which contains less than 0.3%, but a staggering 42 to 47%CBD content, was created. Charlotte has now experienced only 3 seizures per month after taking a few tinties of this strain. Her parents had to relocate to Colorado however because of the distorted perception STILL prevalent in many parts of the US regarding cannabis.


CBD has no side effects and can be taken in small doses. CBD can alter the way THC interacts in the body. This can counteract some side effects that may result from high doses of THC. It can also prolong the effects of THC.


The majority of strains have between 11% and 23% THC. Any strain exceeding 20% is considered extremely strong. Some strains even exceed 30%THC, which should be avoided by patients new to the cannabis industry. The CBD levels in most strains is much lower than that, often below 1%. Therefore, CBD levels in most strains are less than 2%.


A strain with a higher CBD level is known as a high-CBD strain. A CBD level of 1% is considered to be high.

It’s better than nothing. In the past two to three years, however, strains that have 2% CBD up to a staggering 59% CBD level were bred. These strains have very low, or even zero (under 1%) THC levels. They are still difficult to find, but they are becoming more readily available. High CBD strains that are commercially available can contain 4% to 12 % CBD, and may have zero THC depending on the strain.

Two asterisks (**) will be used to indicate strains that have high CBD content. Three asterisks (***). will be used for strains that have high CBD and extremely low THC. The levels of each strain will be indicated if the %levels are known.


Innovations are continually being developed in new industries. Today I saw a disposable.

Vape pen for $40 that delivers hundreds, if not more than a thousand doses of Sharlot’s Web – pure CBD.

You can also buy cartridges of CBD that are made to fit into vape pens for $15 to $30 to $60. These replaceable cartriges contain hundreds to hundreds of doses. There are also CBD tinctures (for arthritis) and cremes. The entourage effect (se glossary), however, should be considered.



This is not a comprehensive guide, so I can’t go into detail about every aspect of Marijuana. For the beginner, I have several suggestions:


1) Choose strains with high CBD/1% THC. These strains are identified throughout the book by three asterisks (***) before the name.


2) Use very high CBD/low THC in two asterisks (**). For more information, please visit:

on CBDs go to:


Vaporizers are a great way to get rid of smoking cannabis. The best setup is around $450, but you can find pre-measured 200 dose devices as cartridges. You can also get a “Fave Pen”, which allows you to use your buds with cannabis for less than $100 at any Dispensary.



4) Start with THC strains listed below 20%THC when you are ready to move on to THC strains

as possible. Grand Daddy Purple, which has an amazing price, is a good “starter”

High 7%CBD Other options include those below 20%THC, which are not reported to have any side effects.


5) After you have “graduated” to strains that contain over 10%THC, it is wise to only take one or two.

Hits. You don’t need to feel good just because you feel great.


Not recommended for new patients: It is easy to get a higher dosage than you want. This option is worth exploring if you have some experience. It’s especially beneficial for chronic pain patients. However, it’s best to start slowly and not overdo it with edibles. Even veteran vets regret it.




There are vape pens that can be used to smoke Marijuana, concentrates, and cartridges. Now, you can also get CBD oils, edibles, and tinctures. available in dispensaries. There is also a new product that produces inhalers for small amounts of indica and sativa, but it has not yet produced a pure CBD inhalant. They will release a CBD-free inhaler soon, I’m sure.



WARNING: You should not drive a vehicle or operate machinery while taking medical Marijuana or other prescriptions without consulting your doctor.




A vape pen is a device that allows you to vaporize. Many of these devices are easily found online. A vaporizing device has a clear advantage. The vaporizing device does not burn the material, but heats it at a lower temperature than “combustion temperature”, creating a “vapor” which is much easier on the lungs. Doctors recommend this over smoking. The Volcano is the “best” vaporizer and it can be purchased online for as little as $438. This is the “Rolls-Royce of vaporizers.” It fills a bag from which the patient inhales vapors. This is the type of device that is used in medical Marijuana treatment hospitals. The “Vape Pen” is on the other end. It holds a small amount of Marijuana and can be carried around in your pocket. Prices start at $50, or less. Firefly is the “Rolls-Royce of portable vapes.” There are many styles available and they come in a range of prices, from just over $100 to more than $400. There are also pre-loaded vape pen available in dispensaries. These vape pens are economical, disposable or reusable (my favourite), and they now offer specific strains in increasing numbers. The number of strains available is increasing almost daily. Inhalers without heating are now available in Arizona.

Originally posted 2021-08-03 21:40:32.

Author: Ronald Rogers
Sunny Dupree is a seasoned journalist, keynote speaker and founder of Weed America: A Journalism-Minded Agency, which handles public relations, content marketing, social media, events and thought leadership for brands and executives in legal cannabis, hemp technology, alternative healthcare, and other new industries.